What is Fracking

Fracking is short for ‘high volume high volume hydraulic fracturing’, an extraction process designed to release trapped gas from shale rock. Firstly, a well is drilled vertically to about 7-10,000 ft, then drilled horizontally for up to two miles.

 

A mixture of water, chemicals and sand is then pumped down the well at very high pressure. This creates cracks in the shale, allowing trapped gas to travel up the well to the surface, along with large quantities of contaminated waste water.

 

Coal Bed Methane production is a very similar process to fracking, but involves extracting gas from coal seams instead of shale rock.

 ‘We're very fortunate we have over 200 independent breweries in Yorkshire and lots of fantastic artisan food producers as well. I think one of the things which is a really important point to make... is the fragility of the rural economy, and the importance of tourism within that fragility; because the link between the pub in the village and the Bed & Breakfast (so if the pub shuts, the Bed and Breakfast will shut, because there's nowhere for anyone to go and have their evening meal and the pub can sell the beer from the microbreweries locally and can sell the food produce from the farmers locally and so on), so there is that very fragile coexistence between all of those businesses, and if one thing tips over, the whole thing can unravel quite quickly.' - Sir Gary Verity, chief executive of Welcome to Yorkshire, in giving evidence to the EFRA committee on Rural Affairs

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